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Plate 3: El peón acasillado (from the portfolio Estampas de la Revolución Mexicana)

Plate 3: El peón acasillado (from the portfolio Estampas de la Revolución Mexicana)

Translation:Plate 3: Debt Bondage Peon (from the portfolio Prints of the Mexican Revolution).
Artist: Arturo García Bustos (Mexican, 1926 - 2017)
Publisher: Taller de Gráfica Popular (Mexican, founded 1937)
Date: 1947
Medium: linocut
Dimensions:
Image: 11 7/8 × 8 5/8 in. (30.2 × 21.9 cm)
Support: 15 3/4 × 10 1/2 in. (40 × 26.7 cm)
Classification: Graphic
Credit Line: Gift of the Don Pierce Estate, 2015
Keywords and Associated Locations:
Object number: 2015.29.39
Description
Historical text from the accompanying booklet reads as: La Hacienda fue una de las instituciones típicas del gobierno de Porfirio Díaz. En ellas vivían esclavizados miles de peones acasillados, cuyas deudas se heredaban de padres a hijos en las llamadas “tiendas de raya”. En Chihuahua se encontraba el feudo de Terrazas: en Nayarit el de los hermanos Aguirre; en Coahuila, el de Iñigo Noriega. Cada Estado de la republica era controlado por un cacique que tenía a su servicio a miles de peones acasillados, es decir, sin derechos de ninguna especie. Alberto Morales Jimenez. Translation: The hacienda (large agricultural estate) was one of the typical institutions of the Porfirio Díaz government. Living on these large estates were thousands of enslaved debt bondage laborers whose debts were passed down from parent to child in the so called tiendas de raya (company stores). In the state of Chihuahua, was the Terrazas’ estate, in Nayarit, the Aguirre brothers’ estate, and in Coahuila, the Iñigo Noriega's estate. Each state in the country was controlled by a cacique (tyrant) who had thousands of debt bondage peons, that is, laborers without any rights, at their service. Translated by Aída Wester, Intern 2017.
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