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Term: Siena

Description

Founded by Etruscans; ruled by Romans 3rd cen. BC & Lombards 6th cen. AD; constitution 1179; medieval seat of Ghibelline power; rival of Florence; ruled by Charles of Anjou 13th cen., Visconti of Milan early 15th cen., & Medici of Florence after 1557.

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Italian, 1923 - 1985